Geography of Cyprus - the Island of Cyprus
The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus occupies an autonomous territory in the north of the island of Cyprus.
Situated in the far eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea, Cyprus is geographically closer to the Middle East. However politically and culturally it is aligned with Europe. As a matter of fact Cyprus is at the crossroads between three continents: Europe, Asia and Africa. It is about 75 km south of Turkey, 105 km west of Syria and 380 km north of Egypt.
Cyprus is the third largest island of the Mediterranean sea after Sicily and Sardinia.
35 00 N, 33 00 E
Total - 9,250 km² (of which 3,355 km² belong to the Turkish Cyprus)
Land - 9,240 km²
Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 648 km
Continental shelf - 200-m depth
Territorial sea - 12 nm (22.4 km)
GEOGRAPHIC / GEOLOGIC REGIONS
The Troodos massif lies in the central and western part of the island of Cyprus (its principal range stretches from Pomos Point to Larnaca Bay). It is a mountain range whose surface layer consists mostly of basaltic lava rock, created from the ancient oceanic bark, which started rising from the sea 10 million years ago. Its maximum elevation point is Olympus at 1,953 m (6,407 ft).
The island's second mountain range is called the Kyrenia Mountains, a 160-km-long narrow chain running along the northeast cost of Cyprus and represents a limestone formation. Its maximum elevation point is Mount Selvili at 1,023 m (3,357 ft).
The Pentadactylos mountains comprise the western half of the Kyrenia mountain range. The name Pentadactylos is also sometimes used synonymously with Kyrenia to refer to the entire range. The Greek name, Pentadactylos, and the Turkish name, Besparmak, mean "five fingers", which derives from a mountain near the north coastal city of Kyrenia that has five finger-like projections.
The central part of the island of Cyprus is occupied by Mesaoria plain which is home to the capital Nicosia. It is embraced by the Kyrenia and Pentadactylos mountains to the north and the Troodos mountain range to the south and west. A few significant plains stretch along the southern coast of the island of Cyprus.
The Karpass Peninsula (Karpasia), a long, finger-like peninsula, is a distinguishing geographical feature of the island. Its farthest extent is Cape Apostolos Andreas, and its major population centre is the town of Dipkarpaz (Rizokarpaso).
Lowest point - Mediterranean Sea (0 m)
Highest point - Olympus (1,953 m)
Copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment.
Moderate earthquake activity.